In the context of sports, emotions are often a major part of the experience. They reflect the athletes’ own evaluation of their performance and those of others, and can be expressed before, during, and after a game. The subculture of sports has developed rules and expectations for the proper expression of emotions. These rules may govern behaviour during national anthems and post-game victory celebrations, for example.
Historically, sports have been used to construct national identities. Both established and outsider groups have used sports as symbols to reinforce national identities. In addition, they serve as a window into national identity politics. To that end, it is important to consider the role of sports as social, economic, and political institutions. Here are some of the main types of sports.
Sports and mass media have a long and complex relationship. Both institutions have benefited from one another. The proliferation of new technologies and a growing global market for sports has increased their reach. In turn, sports attracted a growing base of paying spectators. At the same time, commercial mass media saw sports coverage as cheap and easily monetizable content. Meanwhile, public media recognized sporting events as opportunities to reinforce national culture and patriotism.
The concept of sportsmanship is rooted in the ideals of fair play, equality, and justice. Even though the pursuit of excellence is often rewarded with victory, it’s also important to understand that losing is a part of every game. As such, a true sportsperson is willing to accept defeat and continue to work hard.