Globalization of Sports is one of the key characteristics of contemporary world society. This phenomenon is the result of increased communication, technology, and interdependence among nations. The 20th century saw the rise of a global economy, transnational cosmopolitan culture, and a variety of international social movements. In addition, the development of modern technology facilitated faster transport of people, money, and images. Such developments shaped the development of modern sports.
The term sport is defined as an activity where participants engage in physical activity and compete for a particular goal. These activities are usually organised by a recognised organisational structure. Rules and standards are also used in order to regulate the activities. This adds a sense of formality to sport. In some societies, the term sport has many meanings.
Sports have been around for thousands of years. Some evidence suggests that they were played in ancient China as early as 2000 BC. Gymnastics and a variety of other games were practiced. Ancient Egypt also had games of this nature, and monuments to the Pharaohs indicate that sports in Egypt were well-developed. Some of these ancient games included high jump, wrestling, and javelin throwing. Other ancient civilizations included games such as kemari in Japan.
In the late 17th century, sports became secular, and the concept of a sports record was introduced. This period was also a time when the elites were turning to dances as an alternative means of entertainment and competition. They also enjoyed the geometric patterns of movement and were delighted in ballet. This period also saw the development of the sport of fencing. In France and Italy, the sport was considered an art, and the northern Europeans imitated it.